How The Main Stream Manipulates You

The cited below article outlines perfectly the human psychological aspects, that the MSM use to sell us “Fake News”.

Title: How the Internet Inflates Estimates of Internal Knowledge
Authors: Matthew Fisher, Mariel K. Goddu, and Frank C. Keil
Source: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/xge-0000070.pdf

“As the Internet has become a nearly ubiquitous resource for acquiring knowledge about the world, questions have arisen about its potential effects on cognition. Here we show that searching the Internet for explanatory knowledge creates an illusion whereby people mistake access to information for their own personal understanding of the information. Evidence from 9 experiments shows that searching for information online leads to an increase in self-assessed knowledge as people mistakenly think they have more knowledge “in the head,” even seeing their own brains as more active as depicted by functional MRI (fMRI) images.”

“The mind can often increase efficiency and power by utilizing outside sources; for tasks like memory, it can rely on cognitive prostheses, such as a diary or a photo album. These external archives can become necessary components of an interdependent memory system (Harris, 1978). Better performing memory systems can emerge through communication strategies that allocate domains of knowledge to individuals in the network. Increased group coordination leads to better problem solving than in comparable groups of strangers. A growing body of theoretical and empirical work suggests that transactive memory systems can be technological as well as social. Though these systems are typically thought to be composed of human minds, our reliance on technology, like the Internet, may form a system bearing many similarities to knowledge dependencies in the social world. The Internet is the largest repository of human knowledge and makes vast amounts of interconnected information easily available to human minds.”

“The Internet has been described as a “supernormal stimulus” in that its breadth and immediacy far surpass any naturally occurring transactive partner to which our minds might have adapted (Ward,
2013a). Even if the Internet lacks the agency of human transactive memory partners, it shares many of their features and may thus be easily treated as their cognitive equivalent. Compared with a
human transactive memory partner, the Internet is more accessible, has more expertise, and can provide access to more information than an entire human transactive memory network. These features
leave Internet users with very little responsibility for internal knowledge and may even reduce the extent to which users rely on social others in traditional, interpersonal transactive memory systems.”

“In a sense, a transactive memory partnership with the Internet is totally one-sided: the Internet stores all the knowledge, and the human is never queried for knowledge. Furthermore, there is no
need to negotiate responsibility because the Internet is the expert in all domains. One consequence of an inability to monitor one’s reliance on the Internet may be that users become miscalibrated regarding their personal knowledge. Self-assessments can be highly inaccurate, often occurring as inflated self-ratings of competence, with most people seeing themselves as above average (Alicke, Klotz, Breitenbecher, Yurak, & Vredenburg, 1995; Dunning, 2005; 2009). For example, people overestimate their own ability to offer a quality explanation even in familiar domains (Alter, Oppenheimer, & Zemla, 2010; Fernbach, Rogers, Fox, & Sloman, 2013; Fisher & Keil, 2014; Rozenblit & Keil, 2002).”

“Similar illusions of competence may emerge as individuals become immersed in transactive memory networks. They may overestimate the amount of information contained in their network, producing a “feeling of knowing,” even when the content is inaccessible (Hart, 1965; Koriat & Levy-Sadot, 2001). In other words, they may conflate the knowledge for which their partner is responsible with the knowledge that they themselves possess (Wegner, 1987). And in the case of the Internet, an especially immediate and ubiquitous memory partner, there may be especially large knowledge overestimations.”

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